• Blog_

Ibipimo byafashwe kugirango bisuzumwe

1.Gupima Kurwanya Kurwanya
Turashobora gukoresha uburebure bwa multimeter kugirango tupime ubukana bwo guhora dufunze kandi twimuka, agaciro kayo kagomba kuba 0, kandi agaciro kokurwanya guhora gufunguye no kwimuka ni ntarengwa.Birashoboka rero gutandukanya itumanaho risanzwe rifunze nubusanzwe gufungura.

2.Gupima Kurwanya Coil
Kurwanya igiceri cya relay birashobora gupimwa na multimeter R × 10, kugirango habeho gucibwa ibintu byumuzunguruko.

3.Gupima Tap-in Voltage na Tap-in Ibiriho
Tugomba kwinjiza umurongo wa voltage kuri relay hamwe noguhindura amashanyarazi yagenwe hamwe na ammeter, hanyuma tugashyira Ammeter mukurikirane mumashanyarazi kugirango dukurikirane.Buhoro buhoro uzamure amashanyarazi.Iyo wunvise amajwi yo gufunga rela, andika voltage yo gufunga nubu.Kugira ngo ube impamo, urashobora kugerageza kugereranya inshuro nyinshi.

4.Gupima Umuyoboro wo Kurekura no Kurekura Ibiriho
Gushyira mu bikorwa ikizamini kimwe nkuko byavuzwe haruguru, mugihe relay yasezeranijwe, noneho dushobora kugabanya gahoro gahoro itangwa rya voltage, mugihe relay yongeye kumvikana yongeye gusohora amajwi, andika voltage numuyoboro muriki gihe.Turashobora kandi kugerageza inshuro nyinshi kugirango tugere ku kigereranyo cyo kurekura voltage no kurekura amashanyarazi.Muri rusange, imbaraga zo kurekura relay ni 10% ~ 50% ya voltage yo gufunga.Niba imbaraga zo kurekura ziri munsi ya 1/10 cya voltage yo gufunga, ntishobora gukoreshwa mubisanzwe, bizabangamira ituze ryumuzunguruko kandi bigatuma akazi katakwizerwa.
Icyerekezo nigikoresho cyingenzi cya metero yubwenge yishyuwe mbere ya watt-isaha, ubuzima bwa relay bugena ubuzima bwa metero kurwego runaka, imikorere yigikoresho ningirakamaro cyane mumikorere ya metero yubwenge yishyuwe mbere.Ariko, hariho abakora relay benshi murugo no mumahanga, igipimo cyumusaruro kiratandukanye cyane, urwego rwa tekiniki ruratandukanye cyane, kandi ibipimo byimikorere biratandukanye cyane.Kubwibyo, uruganda rukora ingufu zamashanyarazi rugomba kugira igikoresho cyogupima neza mugihe relay yageragejwe ikanatorwa, kugirango hamenyekane ubwiza bwa metero yamashanyarazi.Muri icyo gihe, gride nayo yashimangiye ikizamini cyo gupima ibipimo byerekana imikorere ya metero zifite ubwenge, kandi ibikoresho byo gupima nabyo birakenewe kugirango hamenyekane ubwiza bwa metero zakozwe nababikora batandukanye.Nyamara, ibikoresho byo kwipimisha relay ntabwo bifite ikintu kimwe cyo kwipimisha gusa, inzira yo kwipimisha ntishobora kwikora, amakuru yikizamini agomba gutunganywa nintoki no gusesengurwa, kandi ibisubizo byikizamini ntibisanzwe kandi byakozwe, kandi, imikorere yo kumenya ni mike, n'umutekano ntibishobora kwizerwa.
Mu myaka ibiri ishize, umuyoboro w'amashanyarazi wagiye uhindura buhoro buhoro ibisabwa bya tekinike ya metero z'amashanyarazi, ushyiraho ibipimo ngenderwaho bijyanye n'inganda n'ibisobanuro bya tekiniki, ibyo bikaba byarazamuye ingorane zimwe na zimwe za tekinike mu gutahura ibipimo bya relay, nk'uburemere bwa relay ku bushobozi, guhinduranya ibizamini biranga.Kubwibyo, harakenewe byihutirwa kwiga igikoresho kugirango tumenye neza ibipimo byerekana imikorere.Ukurikije ibizamini bisabwa byerekana ibipimo ngenderwaho, ibizamini bishobora kugabanywamo ibyiciro bibiri: kimwe nikintu kidafite umutwaro uremereye, nkigikorwa cyibikorwa, kurwanya imikoranire, ubuzima bwubukanishi;Icyakabiri, hamwe nuburemere bwibizamini byikizamini, nka voltage yumuriro, ubuzima bwamashanyarazi, ubushobozi burenze.Ibintu nyamukuru byikizamini nibi bikurikira: (1) agaciro k ibikorwa.Agaciro ka voltage isabwa mugihe relay ikora.Menyesha kuturwanya.Agaciro ko guhangana hagati yabantu babiri iyo umubonano ufunze.(3) ubuzima bwa mashini.Ibice bya mashini mugihe nta byangiritse, relay ihinduranya inshuro nimero yibikorwa.(4) kuvugana na voltage.Iyo amashanyarazi ahagaritswe, umutwaro runaka ushyirwa mumashanyarazi yumuriro, hamwe nigiciro cya voltage hagati yabahuza.(5) ubuzima bw'amashanyarazi.Iyo voltage yagenwe ikoreshwa kumpande zombi za coil yo gutwara ibinyabiziga hanyuma umutwaro urwanya urwego ukoreshwa mukuzenguruka, inshuro zizewe zo gukora za relay ntiziri munsi yinzinguzingo 300 kumasaha kandi cycle ni 1∶4.(6) ubushobozi burenze.Iyo voltage yagenwe ikoreshwa kumpera zombi za coil yo gutwara ibinyabiziga hamwe ninshuro 1.5 umutwaro wagenwe ushyirwa mumuzunguruko, inshuro zizewe zo kwizerwa ni inshuro (10 ± 1) kumunota.

Uburyo bwo kwerekana ibimenyetso
Ingofero ya relay igaragazwa mukuzunguruka nikimenyetso cyurukiramende.Niba relay ifite ibiceri bibiri, shushanya ibice bibiri bisa nurukiramende.Mugihe kimwe mumasanduku y'urukiramende cyangwa agasanduku k'urukiramende ku kimenyetso cyanditse cyerekana “J”.Guhuza amakuru byerekanwe muburyo bubiri: imwe nugushushanya neza kuruhande rwurukiramende, aribwo buryo bwimbitse.Ibindi nugushushanya buri mubonano muburyo bwayo bwo kugenzura ukurikije ibikenewe byumuzunguruko.Mubisanzwe, aho bahurira hamwe na coil ya relay imwe irangwa nibimenyetso bimwe biranga kandi amatsinda yo guhuza arabaze, kugirango akore itandukaniro.

Ubwoko butatu bwibanze bwibanze
.Byerekanwa na "h" yambere yimiterere yubushinwa "he".
.Byerekanwa nijambo ryambere “d” ryijambo “gucamo”.
(3) ubwoko bwimurwa (Z Ubwoko) nubwoko bwitumanaho.Itsinda ryitumanaho rifite imibonano itatu, aribyo, hagati ni dinamike ihuza, hejuru no hepfo ihagaze.Iyo coil idafite ingufu, itumanaho ryimuka ryaciwe kuva murimwe rihagaze kandi rigafungwa nundi;iyo coil ifite ingufu, kwimuka kwimuka kwimuka, bigatuma mbere yahagaritswe gufunga kandi byafunzwe mbere, hagamijwe guhinduka.Itsinda nkiryo ryitumanaho ryitwa inzibacyuho.Yerekanwa na fonetike prefix “z” yijambo “guhindukira”.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Gicurasi-27-2022